Volume 6 (2015). Issue 1

Marta Soniewicka & Adriana Warmbier

The hereby introduction gives an insight into the topics and themes discussed in the hereby presented issue of the journal Ethics in Progress, devoted to the topic of transhumanism in its numerous contexts.
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Julian Huxley

In his famous paper, Julian Huxley gives the outline of what he believes future humanity could – and should – look like. By pointing out the numerous limitations and feebleness the human nature is – at the time – prone to, and by confronting them with the possibilities humankind has, Huxley expresses the need to research and put into use all possible measures that would enable man achieve utmost perfection.
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Julian Huxley

W swojej klasycznej pracy, Julian Huxley formułuje perspektywę możliwej przyszłości gatunku ludzkiego, przyszłości, do której – jak wierzy – winniśmy zdążać. Wskazując na słabości i ograniczenia, jakie napotyka natura ludzka i odnosząc je do potencjalnych możliwości, jakie przed człowiekiem otwierają osiągnięcia nauk przyrodniczych, Huxley wyraża potrzebę badania i wprowadzania w czyn wszelkich dostępnych środków, które umożliwiłyby gatunkowi ludzkiemu wzięcie steru nad swoją biologiczną ewolucją.
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Moral Perfection and the Demand for Human Enhancement

Adriana Warmbier

In this article I discuss one of the most significant areas of bioethical interest, which is the problem of moral enhancement. Since I claim that the crucial issue in the current debate on human bioenhancement is the problem of agency, I bring out and examine the conditions of possibility of self- understanding, acting subjects attributing responsible authorship for their actions to themselves. more »

Transhumanizm: kilka uwag na temat filozoficznych źródeł sporu o ideę biomedycznego ulepszania moralnego

Marta Soniewicka

The paper addresses the problem of the philosophical sources of the debate over moral human enhancement held between transhumanists and bio-conservatives. The paper is aimed at showing that the opposing positions in the debate are grounded in different philosophical traditions, namely naturalistic (Darwinian) and rationalistic (Kantian), which define human nature differently. more »

Can There Be Post-Persons and What Can We Learn From Considering Their Possibility?

Ivars Neiders

Many prominent bioethicists have recently raised the question of the possibility of moral status enhancement. In this paper I discuss the arguments advanced by Nicholas Agar for the possible existence of the post- persons. I argue that in spite of the many limitations and shortcomings of Agar’s account, there are no conclusive reasons to rule out the possibility of moral status enhancement. However, if post-persons are as they are described by Agar, the fact of their possibility is less interesting and ethically relevant than it might seem. more »

Biokonserwatyzm i preferencja status quo

Wojciech Lewandowski

Bioconservative view holds that we should prevent dissemination of biomedical inteventions enhancing human capacities. One of arguments against this view shows that it is based on status quo bias which gives unjustified preference for actual state of affairs. According to this argument reasons against human enhancement are not conclusive. more »

Dopuszczalność ulepszania natury ludzkiej (enhancement)

Justyna Holocher & Urszula Kosielińska-Grabowska

The paper presents moral and legal aspects of the human’s nature enhancement in the context of answering the questions to what extent and to whom the modern technologies may be applied, which purpose is not the recovery (therapy), but the improvement of natural human potential by increasing the strength, endurance, immunity, physical fitness and human’s ability to regenerate, as well as by improving the cognitive capacities in the form of the betterment of human thinking and memory.more »

‘Co-Emergence’ In Ecological Continuum: Educating Democratic Capacities Through Posthumanism as Praxis

Aiden Sisler

In this piece I argue for posthumanism-based deliberation and education toward just global ecologies. I propose posthumanism’s non- anthropocentric ethical approach and conceptual framework enables a processual multiperspectival account of rich, variegated bionetworks and their organic and inorganic materials’ interrelationships and interdependencies. more »

W stronę chirurgii zarodka: Socjoprawne aspekty innowacyjnych technik wspomaganego rozrodu

Błażej Kmieciak

At the beginning of 2015, the UK permitted to use the new technology used in the procedure of the in vitro fertilization. It was tntroduced the possibility of using the three germ cells; one derived from a man and two collected from women. (two different women). These actions are associated with the chance to exchange cell nucleus, where recognizes the significant genetic abnormalities: damage to the mitochondria of the cell, (mtDNA). more »

Cechy psychiczne człowieka a idee transhumanizmu

Beata Płonka

Celem obecnych rozważań jest spojrzenie na problem udoskonalania człowieka, a zwłaszcza jego cech psychicznych, z perspektywy nauk biologicznych. Wprowadzono więc używane w biologii rozróżnienie genotypu i fenotypu, definicje cech dziedzicznych i nabytych oraz antropologiczną charakterystykę gatunku Homo sapiens przez cechy specyficznie ludzkie. more »

Techniczne ulepszanie ludzkich możliwości. Interfejs mózg-komputer a „inteligentne okulary”

Julia Stanek

One of the kinds of human enhancement that has not received extensive ethical and philosophical attention in recent years is the use of emerging technologies, such as brain-computer interfaces, to improve the human characteristics and capacities. In the context of brain-computer interfaces the present paper examines “smart glasses”. more »


Searching for Bioethical Prescriptions in a Moral Lab

Marta Soniewicka

Review of the book by F. M. Kamm (2013). Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 599 more »

Społeczne konstruowanie doskonałości w warunkach kapitalizmu akademickiego

Krystian Szadkowski

Recenzja książki: Richard Münch (2014). Academic Capitalism. Universities in the Global Struggle for Excellence. Routledge: New York, London, pp. 298 more »


The Heuristics of Fear: Can the Ambivalence of Fear Teach Us Anything in the Technological Age?

Roberto Franzini Tibaldeo

The paper assumes that fear presents a certain degree of ambivalence. To say it with Hans Jonas (1903-1993), fear is not only a negative emotion, but may teach us something very important: we recognize what is relevant when we perceive that it is at stake. Under this respect, fear may be assumed as a guide to responsibility, a virtue that is becoming increasingly important, because of the role played by human technology in the current ecological crisis. more »

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